EU Needs to Protect Founding Principles: Threats from Russia & Hungary

The time has come for the European Union to morph into a strong international force representing democratic rights and international stability.  Acting softly does not work. The confluence of aggressive Russian tactics to take more territory from Ukraine and Hungary’s rose-tinted glasses on the authoritarian political-economic model of Russia and China – and rejection of EU liberal values, threatens Europe’s founding principles and its territorial integrity.

Peace is threatened on Europe’s edges. It’s time to reach back to the values and wisdom for the founding of the European Union, when it was the joining of the European coal and steel industries, with Germany and France uniting for lasting peace in 1951. Economic dependence would unify the continent and prevent war.

The annexation of Crimea by Russia is now an accepted territorial change.  Russia got it for free because the international community didn’t stand up for Ukraine. Now Russia is expropriating more territory to serve Russian President Putin’s political and nationalistic ambitions. Continual instability on Russia’s fringes can help keep not just his popularity up, but keep Russians together rallying for another war. At this point a victory is necessary for Putin. If annexation of eastern Ukraine is not the ultimate end, then instability and projection of an independent Russian enclave inside Russia will do. Control of Russia’s political system, state apparatus, the media, and clamp down on NGO’s all serve to ensure Putin’s power remains unchallenged, ultimately serving his aggressive foreign and military policy. Manufactured crisis ensures domestic support and keeps institutions and the populace toeing Putin’s line.

Hungary's political-economic model, as perceived by a street artist.
Hungary’s political-economic model, as perceived by a street artist.

In Hungary, the parallels are apparent. Orban has waged his own one-sided war against the EU, IMF, US, NGOs and almost every foreign government. The Orban government is actively inciting irredentism  in Romania.  Instability, created by Hungary, provides the government a platform to ‘represent’ Hungarian interests internationally. The ‘rational’ goes, sins between 1989 and 2010 of liberal economics and communist political maneuvering must be wiped out. However, for most people, this was the democratic period that Hungary had. Nonetheless, democracy, as stated by Orban, doesn’t really work well; now we can watch as Orban consolidates his personal power further by rejigging the whole state institutional structure, and improving upon his (essentially) unlimited authority. In two to three years time we will soon have President Orban to call the leader of the country. Echoing Putin’s back-and-forth between prime minister and president.

Fidesz and Orban have a false mandate. No government can be claimed legitimate when election rules are changed and when the OECD finds the elections unfair. The current two-thirds control in Parliament would not have happened if the elections were fair. Currently, the current local elections are under way, Fidesz wasn’t going to win (or by much), so the rules were changed at the last minute. In a few weeks, they can claim a ‘democratic’ mandate to continue their illiberal and illogical policies of modeling Russia, China and India – and not European countries.

Autocratic leaders are challenging the values and the founding principles for the European Union. For these autocratic leaders nationalism can replace economic growth along with illogical economic and foreign policies. The ‘nation’ also also replaces liberal democratic institutions and individual rights.

The 2008 economic crisis resulted in a delayed and inept EU handling by failing to foster economic cooperation between members states. The current democracy and territorial crisis caused by Putin and Orban, pose a deeper threat to the stability of the EU. Orban and Putin both disparage and dishonor the democratic principles and right for economic freedom: they both reject international stability done through common economic and political values. The expression of the nation is more important than economic growth or individual rights. Instability and security concerns are necessary to project an ‘us’ or ‘other’ mindset. Components needed to maintain unlimited power.

It is now time for the EU to solidify and project its unified strength against aggressive rulers with territorial ambitions and authoritarian power. Not standing up for the founding principles of the EU threatens unleashing the same violent forces the charter was established to contain. The EU must now escalate the cost for Russia to maintain its outpost on Ukrainian territory. Through both economic means, and in human life, through increased military aid to Ukraine to maintain eastern Ukraine. Russia won’t know the EU is serious about territorial integrity until it actively works to keep it. In addition, Hungary may be Russia’s outpost in the EU, but that does not mean the EU must accept or maintain the outpost. Appeasement for authoritarian leaders threatens the political, social and economic founding principles of the EU, and its territorial integrity. The EU needs to act.